How to work out degrees of separation for family history

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02 April 2020
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What does the word 'removed' mean when it comes to describing relationships in your family tree? Find out in our 75-word guide.

If you share an ancestor with someone, you and they are some kind of cousin, most likely termed ‘removed’ such as a cousin once, twice or and so on, removed.

The ‘removed’ indicates how many generations separate the two of you and the ancestor you have in common. So for example, second cousins share the same great-grandparent (two generations back) whilst third cousins have a great-great-grandparent in common.

For more, see our chart here.

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